TEST 400 WATER RETENTION
Edema, specifically dependent edoema, is a side effect of testosterone usage and abuse that is more frequent in elderly men. 1 Edema refers to water retention “toward the earth,” such as when you can see the impression of your socks around your ankles after you take them off. This is an indication of fluid retention, which is frequently accompanied with high sodium and potassium levels in the blood (blood). In a trial of varied testosterone enanthate dosages in older men, approximately half suffered leg edoema in the groups given supraphysiologic testosterone (300 and 600 milligrammes per week of testosterone enanthate).
Sodium and potassium are normally kept in a regulated range by a slew of peptides and leukotrienes that mostly affect the kidneys. Water consumption obviously has a role as well, which is maintained by other hormones that increase thirst. The hydraulic (water-pulling) impact of certain proteins generated by the brain, such as hemoglobin, also plays a role. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can have a role if it approaches diagnostic levels, as it does in type 1 diabetes or after a sugar binge.
While this, many sportsmen and lifters who take anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) or men who begin testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) acquire edoema within days or weeks after starting usage, despite previously being free of any such symptom. Dependent edoema in TRT might result in the discontinuation of therapy that is required to repair a hormone shortage that has direct repercussions on metabolic health and even longevity. Certain gyms are swarming with young males with transiently huge but doughy arms.
For aeons, a lore of training, nutritious food, vitamins, and opiates has managed to evolve from the combined experience of tens of thousands, possibly millions, of bodybuilders who have tried, tracked, studied, and in some cases suffered from being a “experiment of one,” or “human guinea pigs,” as some refer to the iron culture. Only during the last decade or two has fundamental and abstract science attempted to establish the “why and how” of bodybuilders. Some reasons can be attributed to bodybuilding knowledge as “broscience” in a condescending manner, maybe to construct a YouTube character, offer self-gratification, or to address a deep-seated notion that they’ve already dissapointed them.